India’s first uterine transplant on a woman

  • A team of 12 doctors at the city’s Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute (GCLI) began the highly complex and delicate procedure of India’s first uterine transplant on a woman from Solapur district.
  • However, the operation, in which the uterus was retrieved from the donor and transplanted into the recipient around 9 a.m., stretched well beyond its projected eight-hour duration.
  • The surgeons are retrieving the uterus using a laparoscopic technique.
  • The woman suffers from congenital absence of uterus since birth and is to be fitted with her mother’s womb to enable her to conceive normally.
  • Still in its nascent, experimental stage, only a handful of these operations have met with success in other countries, primarily in Sweden.
  • The operations are meant to help women who want to conceive but cannot because they were born without a uterus, suffered damage to it or had to have it removed.
  • The 20-odd uterine transplant operations round the world have often been frustrated by organ rejection (in which the patient’s immune system attacks the organ; an infection of the organ; or problems with the organ’s blood supply.)
  • Some experts have expressed concern about the operations, terming them an invasive surgical procedure fraught with risks manifested in adverse side effects of the anti-rejection drugs, including cancer and increased risk of opportunistic infection.
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